The Stuttering is a disorder both physical and psychological, as old as mankind. There are endless hypotheses and approaches based on this issue, in addition to a large number of studies that have tried to explain this anomaly. However, this phenomenon remains a mystery.
What has taken the most work is the treatment for this “disease.” Techniques, devices and psychological strategies were put to the test and concluded as successful, however, with the passage of time their effectiveness expires as they do not have the optimal results in temporality.
What is stuttering
When we ask ourselves what is stuttering? The answer is usually the most common, the speech deficiency at the moment that a person repeats certain syllables between each pronunciation of words, that is, the lack of fluency when speaking .
From a social point of view, the process of social adaptation depends 50% on the way we communicate with other individuals. This speech disorder unfortunately affects communication processes, causing involuntary interruptions when exchanging words both privately and in conjunction with other individuals. These interruptions come hand in hand with the muscular tensions in the face and the lower region of the neck, stress, fears and irritability, they are part of the set of organic, psychological and social factors that guide an individual to a correct development with thoughts and feelings own, which in the case of stutterers, is affected by this speech abnormality.
How to treat stuttering
Among the psychological treatments for stuttering, it is best to treat it from childhood , so certain considerations must be taken into account:
The main thing is not to finish the children’s sentences, this will drive them and force them to face the difficulty of speaking. Second, a hostile attitude should not be taken because this problem occurs, the affected individual does not control this deficiency, so a negative attitude could increase speech difficulties and more when they are in the process of growth, childhood. Third, a stuttering person should not be interrupted, regardless of whether they are a child or an adult, they should be allowed to finish each sentence, encouraging them with a smile or a pleasant gesture.
Among other ways to treat stuttering are recordings, allowing the individual to listen to himself in the moments that he can speak with the greatest fluency that his body allows and in which it is most difficult for him, will allow him to identify the words and sentences to which he must lend greater care. It is also important to learn to develop diaphragmatic breathing , by learning to have controlled breathing, it will help the affected person to have greater power in his words, controlling the power and tonality of the same.
You can help by doing completion exercises , that is, starting a word and allowing the stutterer to complete it, slowly and with the correct breath.
On the other hand, the processes of fear, stress and anxiety are factors that affect and increase stuttering , do relaxation exercises, and teach those affected to maintain a controlled state before their emotions that, in the long term, will allow them to overcome their problem effectively.
Those already mentioned are techniques tested by specialists to overcome stuttering , however, there is still no completely effective technique to overcome stuttering. Thanks to the latest advances in the investigation of this rare condition, they have allowed to directly influence the cognitive processes that lead to stuttering, remembering that more than a congenital problem, it is psychological.
In conclusion, the relationship with the child’s experiences, with the psychological contexts will determine if an individual will suffer from stuttering in adulthood and may never be able to overcome it without the correct help.