Perimenopause is known as the transition to menopause, whereby a woman’s body undergoes a natural transition to menopause, marking the end of her reproductive stage.

Menopause has ceased to be a taboo subject and has become one of the natural ailments of women that is currently most reviewed by health portals, however, not many have paid attention to perimenopause , which is no more that this period, normally one year, before the beginning of menopause and that it has its own symptoms, caused by the hormonal changes that the woman begins to undergo and which are expressed in alterations of a biological nature.

It is in this period when the reproductive organs of the woman begin to slow down in their main functioning, indicating the arrival of menopause.

Progesterone and estrogens are the two key sex hormones in this process prior to menopause, this because their production is significantly altered, causing variations in menstrual flow .

You must be wondering what this leads to, because the first difference that is usually noticed is that ovulation begins to be less frequent than usual , this because the ovaries progressively stop the production of eggs, therefore, the dates and periodicity of the flow menstrual is altered.

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Basic facts about perimenopause

The first thing you should know is that perimenopause usually occurs one year before menopause , between the ages of 40 to 50, with the age of 45 being the most common on average. It can also be noted that this condition can last up to two years, everything will depend on the woman’s body and, although ovulation is altered, this does not mean that you cannot get pregnant if perimenopause occurs, since it does not occur it translates into the absence of ovules but rather alterations in their production.

How to identify perimenopause

Identifying the beginning and end of perimenopause is not so difficult, since the first symptom, characteristic of it, is the alteration of the menstrual flow , which can be more or less abundant and occurring in irregular periods, something that any woman with a control In addition, they will be of a shorter duration than usual , which could generate alerts in those who suffer from it, and may be confused with problems of another nature, that is why it is recommended that women carry out continuous gynecological control , so that this does not take you by surprise and be prepared.

The aforementioned symptoms are not the only ones because with the change in the periodicity of menstruation also come hormonal alterations that can cause depression, sadness and even anguish due to the process that is being experienced from perimenopause to menopause.

In some cases, there is usually an increase in sexual desire in women during this time, also due to hormonal alterations . You must also take care not to overindulge in food and improve your lifestyle if necessary, as perimenopause can also bring with it a surprising weight gain .

Eating a balanced diet is crucial to achieve hormonal balance, since food plays a very important role, and in this case, it must be more careful than ever. But we must be aware that this is yet another stage in a woman’s life.

By Dr. Eric Jackson

Dr. Eric Jackson provides primary Internal Medicine care for men and women and treats patients with bone and mineral diseases, diabetes, heart conditions, and other chronic illnesses.He is a Washington University Bone Health Program physician and is a certified Bone Densitometrist. Dr. Avery is consistently recognized in "The Best Doctors in America" list.

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