The MS is a disease with unpredictable symptoms may vary in intensity. While some people experience fatigue and numbness, severe cases of MS can cause paralysis, vision loss, and decreased brain function, among other serious conditions.
What is multiple sclerosis?
Multiple sclerosis is a chronic autoimmune disease, this disease affects the white matter of the brain and spinal cord (myelin) multiple sclerosis is also known as plaque sclerosis, disseminated sclerosis or insular sclerosis and its main characteristic is inflammation which can affect myelin.
Myelin is a substance that surrounds the nerves of the nervous system and is responsible for transmitting impulses throughout the neurons, this substance can be found in the peripheral nervous system and the peripheral nervous system, but even so, multiple sclerosis affects only the nervous system and not the peripheral.
Multiple sclerosis is one of the most common inflammatory diseases that affect myelin, it is also the first of all diseases of neurological disorders that cause disability in young adults since sclerosis perceptibly destroys the myelin sheath of nerve fibers and nerve fibers or axons.
What Causes Multiple Sclerosis?
Multiple sclerosis is an autoimmune disease, which means that the immune system acts against the cells that are responsible for producing myelin that is located in the central nervous system.
There may also be genetic causes, however, although it could be inherited, genes alone cannot cause multiple sclerosis, this requires climate factors, such as a virus.
What could be the symptoms of multiple sclerosis?
The symptoms of multiple sclerosis vary according to the person and according to the area of the central nervous system that is being affected, it also varies according to the activity that the person is doing at that time, another thing that influences the symptoms is the severity of multiple sclerosis and how long it lasts.
The symptoms of multiple sclerosis do not all occur in one person and can vary. A person with multiple sclerosis could be:
- Losing mobility in one leg.
- Losing strength in one hand.
- Legs with heaviness.
- Feeling of fatigue
- Stiff legs.
- Frequent falls or trips.
- Very painful muscle spasms.
- Numbness in the skin
- Burning sensation on the skin.
- Tingling sensation on the skin
- Extreme sensitivity to heat.
- Pain in any part of the body and vary from place to place over time.
- An unsteady walk.
- Poor coordination
- Occasional shaking
- Difficulty speaking.
- Blurry vision.
- Eye sensitive to movement causing pain every time it is tried.
- Loss of saturated color in the eye.
- Incontinence (although this only appears in 5% of all patients with multiple sclerosis).
- Constant urinary infections.
- Constant sexual impotence in the case of male multiple sclerosis patients.
- Depression in 5 out of 10 patients with multiple sclerosis.
- Memory disorders.
- In many patients there is difficulty in paying attention.
- Trouble presenting solutions to many of the problems they face.
- Depending on the stage of multiple sclerosis (generally in the advanced stage) the patient could present cases of frank dementia.
- The patient may have vertigo.
- The patient may be fatigued.
- The patient may have facial weakness.
It is important to remember that not all symptoms will present in all patients and that the symptoms also depend on how advanced the multiple sclerosis is in the patient.
This degenerative disease cannot be self-diagnosed, it is necessary to do some tests such as:
- CT scans.
- Nuclear magnetic resonance.
And some medical interviews to verify that it really is multiple sclerosis and not another disease.
Treatment for it varies depending on the doctor and how advanced the multiple sclerosis is.
It is important that if this disease is suspected you turn to your trusted doctor so that he or she can indicate the appropriate tests and can prescribe a pain reliever to make it easier to deal with the symptoms during the diagnosis process.