Etymologically “psychology” comes from the Greek “ψυχολογία” and means the “study of the soul” and the word “education” comes from the Latin “Educere” which translates “driving”. In this sense, educational psychology can be defined in a rudimentary way, as “ the study of the conduction of the soul ”.

Bases of educational psychology

Educational psychology is multidisciplinary, since it collects the aspects studied by general psychology, such aspects being the following:

  • Cognitive processes.
  • The influence of reinforcers for learning.
  • Individual and collective motivation.
  • The information processing.
  • The memory.

In addition, this field is based on the empirical observation of the behavior and expression of the subjects within the school and family environment (social learning). In this way, it also makes use of educational science and the factors immersed in the teaching and learning process.

What’s the point of your study?

Educational psychology has as its center of study how man is educated , that is, is structured, around the teaching-learning process. Thus, this is the common thread, which guides the contents and defines it as a coherent and organized system of knowledge.

On the other hand, educational psychology pays attention to the historical, natural context in which men live, learn and develop. Determining thus, human behavior especially in the field of education.

Likewise, it also focuses on the modes of cognitive uptake of social norms given from the family, institutions and culture. Starting in this way, from the action of extracting the laws that ensure an effective intervention on behavioral development.

Characteristics of educational psychology

Educational psychology seeks to find the behavioral and cognitive foundations by which children are educated from the family, school, society and culture. That is why, within this science, we can observe the following characteristics mainly:

  • Find the norms to establish an effective intervention within the teaching-learning process.
  • Analyze the mental processes (through which the subject captures the systems of social experience).
  • It takes into account those processes that imply the ability to organize, synthesize and transform experiences.

Evolution of Educational Psychology

Between the years 1890 and 1920, educational psychology was born as a science. In addition, it is here where the mental tests elaborated by Cattel appear, and Freud’s theories of infantile sexual development.

Also Binet, with his ‘tests to measure intelligence’ encompassing the study of complex mental processes, makes an important contribution.

Subsequently, with the deployment of neopositivism in Europe in the last century, the evolution of educational psychology was largely determined at the mercy of cognitivism (Piaget and Vygotsky) and conditioning (Skinner). Thus allowing the above, a structuring of the school system.

As can be seen, educational psychology is an applied science dependent on general psychology . Likewise, it seeks to apply to all the intentional learning that is established in both formal and informal education.

Thus seeking the study of this science, to be able to enrich, strengthen and perfect educational management, as well as the teaching and learning process.

By Dr. Eric Jackson

Dr. Eric Jackson provides primary Internal Medicine care for men and women and treats patients with bone and mineral diseases, diabetes, heart conditions, and other chronic illnesses.He is a Washington University Bone Health Program physician and is a certified Bone Densitometrist. Dr. Avery is consistently recognized in "The Best Doctors in America" list.

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