In the following guide on the causes, general description and natural remedies to treat colitis we will show you a broad aspect of colitis disorders and how you can identify them, what is the origin of colitis and the types that exist, as well as show you a series of home remedies so that you can treat it effectively.

What is colitis

Colitis is a chronic disease that causes inflammation of the large intestine and can also cause ulcerations in the intestinal lining, leading to periods of abdominal cramps, bloody diarrhea, and fever. About 3.3 million people in the US suffer from colitis. The disease is most common in the northern countries of the world and occurs most frequently between the ages of 15 and 25 years.

Symptoms of colitis

These are the most common symptoms of colitis:

  • Fever or chills
  • Painful diarrhea with sometimes staining of blood.
  • Abdominal pain leading to diarrhea.
  • Loss of appetite
  • Tenesmus (constant feeling of wanting to defecate).
  • Bloody stools
  • Constipation.
  • Weightloss.
  • Anemia.

Causes of colitis

  • Immune system disorders.
  • Environmental factors.
  • Diet.
  • Bacterial infection.
  • Some medications
  • Genetic factors.
  • High levels of linoleic acid.

How is it diagnosed?

  • X-ray of Barium Enema.
  • X-ray of the large intestine.
  • Sigmoidoscopia.
  • Colonoscopy
  • Blood test.
  • PH monitoring.
  • Stool blood test.

Types of colitis

  • Ulcerative colitis
  • Lymphocytic Colitis / Collagenous Colitis / Microscopic Colitis.
  • Colitis distal.
  • Diverted colitis.
  • Chemical colitis
  • Ischemic Colitis.
  • Colitis pseudomembranosa.
  • Acute or fulminant colitis.
  • Idiopathic colitis
  • Nervous colitis.

Traditional treatments for colitis

Medications are often the treatment of choice for colitis. The uses of these medications are:

  • To relieve symptoms of diarrhea, nausea and stomach pain;
  • To reduce inflammation;
  • To promote the healing of damaged tissues;
  • To maintain remission and flare-ups of the disease;
  • To avoid the need for surgery.

The Most Commonly Prescribed Medications for Colitis

  • Colazal.
  • Mesalamina.
  • Olsalazine.
  • Corticosteroids.
  • Remicade.
  • Lidocaine
  • Imodium.
  • Heparin.

Some Alternative Treatments for Colitis

There are alternative treatments that are helpful in relieving symptoms caused by colitis.


Acupuncture is a form of ancient Chinese medicine in which very fine needles are placed at specific points throughout the body.

According to acupuncture practitioners, there are meridians on the surface of the skin through which the flow of qi or life energy connects directly to the internal organs. When the body is healthy, the qi is balanced and flows evenly through the meridians, balancing and cleansing.

When the body is not healthy, the flow of energy is blocked. The placement of acupuncture needles is believed to unblock energy and revitalize the organs. Studies have shown some promise with the use of acupuncture for the treatment of colitis.


Biofeedback is a neuromuscular reeducation tool that is used to evaluate certain bodily processes. This therapy uses a computer to show functions of the body that you are not usually aware of, such as blood pressure and heart rate.

These functions are captured by special sensors, measured and displayed in the form of graphics or sounds so that elevated or abnormal responses can be recognized and learned to modify with breathing and visualization techniques.

Conditions that accompany colitis

  • Nutritional deficiency
  • Anemia.
  • Colon cancer.
  • Osteoporosis.
  • Arthritis.
  • Ankylosing spondylitis.
  • Sacroilitis.
  • Diverticulitis.
  • Perforation of the colon.
  • Toxic megacolon.
  • Fatty liver.
  • PSC (primary sclerosing cholangitis).
  • Chronic hepatitis
  • Skin disorders
  • Inflammation of the eyes.

Wellness program

Maintaining a healthy pH in the body

Every cell in your entire body needs oxygen to breathe. How well this task is accomplished depends on how you maintain a healthy pH level. An optimal level is approximately 7.4. This is a slightly alkaline level and is vital for many important functions of the body, including fat digestion, blood, cell and nerve circulation functions, and bone density.

If the pH level drops too low, this causes the red blood cells to clump together, slowing down blood flow, which means less oxygen circulating throughout the body, and overall performance is slower and weaker. When the pH of your blood is at an optimal level, it means that it can burn more energy while requiring less oxygen.

Keeping the pH level balanced is especially important if you suffer from colitis, as it can help maintain remission. If the pH of the blood drops suddenly, it can contribute to an asthma attack. Detoxifying your body on a regular basis helps maintain a pH level around 7.4. If you suffer from colitis, your body may already be overloaded with toxins, which could keep your pH level down.

Tips on how to balance and maintain a healthy blood pH level

  • Avoid foods with processed sugars.
  • Limit red meat.
  • Avoid caffeine in coffee and carbonated drinks.
  • Limit your consumption of dairy products.
  • Eat fruits and vegetables several times a day.
  • Drink plenty of water throughout the day to stay hydrated.
  • Incorporate fish rich in omega-3 fatty acids into your diet.
  • 2-3 times a week.
  • Include beans and whole grains in your diet.
  • Replace regular tea with herbal teas.

Eat alkaline foods

Like these alkaline foods to stay healthy: green vegetables, garlic, red cabbage, beets, turnips, tomatoes, almonds, Brazil nuts, flax seed oil, natural sunflower seeds and olive oil (not fried).

Stress reduction

  • Although stress does not cause colitis, it can dramatically make your symptoms worse. Try to keep your stress level to a minimum.
  • Don’t worry about timetables and clock functions.
  • Don’t skip meals.
  • Don’t let work at home wear you out.
  • Get regular physical exercise.
  • Learn some basic relaxation techniques.

Regular sleep

Many people tend to underestimate sleep, that is, until they suffer from insomnia. There are a number of steps you can take to lower your chances of developing a sleep disorder:

  • Eat your last meal at least two hours before bed.
  • Keep your caffeine intake in drinks like coffee and soda to a minimum.
  • Stop smoking.
  • Get some exercise every day, but at least five hours before bedtime.
  • Avoid alcohol.
  • Learn some basic relaxation or meditation techniques to help you fall asleep.

Changes in diet

  • Don’t skip meals, with four or five small meals throughout the day instead of three large ones.
  • Finish your last meal at least two to three hours before going to bed.
  • Reduce your intake of sweets and refined sugars.
  • Reduce your intake of refined grains.
  • Avoid red meat as much as possible.
  • Avoid dairy intake.
  • Drink lots of water throughout the day.

Nutritional Therapy

The nutritional therapy plays a crucial role in the treatment of colitis . Focusing on nutrition as a means of reducing flare-ups and long remission periods is not as complicated as it may sound.

A considerable number of studies have shown that colitis can be managed relatively easily simply by modifying your daily diet. Because many patients are deficient in a number of nutrients, modifying the diet can also help create a more nutritionally effective diet, as well as reducing inflammation and other symptoms.

Aloe Vera

The cells that make up the lining of the colon require regular nutrients in order to maintain a high barrier of immunity. Mike Adams, the Health Ranger, explains that one of the most important nutrients for this purpose is the amino acid L-glutamine.

Aloe vera is rich in L-glutamine and thus cell regeneration can be improved through the intestinal mucosa. This can help prevent ulcerations and fissures caused by ulcerative colitis and also help prevent leaky gut syndrome in which toxins pass from the intestines into the bloodstream.


Antioxidants help fight the negative effects of free radicals in the body, preventing them from causing cellular, genetic and tissue damage. They are beneficial for colitis patients for a number of reasons.

Supplementing the diet with antioxidants such as vitamins A, C, E, and flavonoids can help boost the immune system and reduce inflammation. Adding foods rich in antioxidants to your diet can also help relieve stress on your digestive system and promote healthy absorption of nutrients.


If you suffer from colitis your body will not be able to absorb an adequate amount of nutrients from food. A deficiency in vitamin B-12 will slow down the general functioning of your gastrointestinal tract.

The recommended daily allowance for vitamin B-12 is 2.4 micrograms. If you are taking an iron supplement, take it at the same time. A B complex supplement also includes folic acid. This can cause a discoloration of the urine slightly more than that secreted. Natural food sources of vitamin B-12 include clams, hake, trout, tuna, yogurt, red and green algae, aloe vera, etc.


Bromelain is a combination of protein digestive enzymes extracted from the pineapple plant. It has been found useful for treating digestive disorders, as it decreases the number of cytokines that cause inflammation of the colon. A recent study conducted by researchers at Duke University showed that pineapple extract shows great promise for reducing inflammation in cases of colitis.


The butyrate is a fatty acid short chain. It stimulates the production of friendly microbacteria in the intestinal tract, and has been shown to be effective in treating colitis . Butyrate taken as an oral tablet appears to reduce intestinal inflammation caused by this disorder. No side effects have been reported.

Calcium phosphate

Calcium works primarily in the formation of strong teeth and bones, and is vital for the proper absorption, storage, and metabolic functions of vitamins A, C, D, and E, phosphorus and magnesium.

It is necessary for muscle contraction and relaxation and is necessary for the activation of enzymes. Natural food sources are Brazil nuts, almonds, kale, broccoli, oats, parsley, molasses, salmon, sardines, sesame seeds, prunes, and cabbage.


Carotenoids are the red and yellow pigments in fruits and vegetables, some of which are converted to vitamin A in the body. These include plant-derived nutrients such as lutein, beta-carotene, alpha-carotene, zeaxanthin, cryptoxanthin, and lycopene.

These protect against many forms of cancer and other degenerative diseases and also have antioxidant properties which means that they help reduce inflammation. Beta-carotene is the best source of vitamin A.

La DHEA (dehidroepiandrosterona)

DHEA is a hormone that occurs naturally in the human body. DHEA inhibits the production of TNF-alpha, the cytokine related to inflammation in colitis. It also protects the body against the toxic effects of cytokines.

The recommended daily intake for people suffering from colitis is 100-200mg. If you are considering taking a DHEA supplement you should ask your doctor about proper blood tests for hormones.

Digestive enzymes

The enzymes are essential for healthy digestion. According to Dr. Julian Whitaker, MD, Director of Health and Healing, unfortunately, many adults don’t have enough of them. This is mainly due to the large amount of processed foods in today’s Western diet.

Although enzymes are abundant in fresh fruit and vegetable methods, cooking and processing food destroys them. Also, after age 35, enzyme production in the stomach, small intestine, and pancreas gradually begins to decline.

In addition to aiding digestion, the enzymes also help maintain a healthy autoimmune system, eradicate inflammation, remove toxins from the blood, and repair damaged tissue. You can get more digestive enzymes in your diet by adding raw fruits and vegetables.

There is also a wide range of digestive enzyme supplements on the market that can benefit colitis patients.

Essential fatty acids

Essential fatty acids (EFAs) are vital components of every cell in your body. Cells need a regular supply of essential fatty acids in order to function optimally. Your body doesn’t produce them naturally, so it’s important to make sure you’re getting enough of them from your diet.

The fatty acids omega-3 , can help reduce inflammation caused by ulcerative by balancing the ratio of omega-3 fatty acids and omega-6. You can increase your daily intake of essential fatty acids by adding the following foods to your diet: salmon, almonds, walnuts, green leafy vegetables such as kale, spinach and cabbage, whole grains, and olives.

You can also add an omega-3 fatty acid supplement to your diet. The suggested daily dose for an adult is 1000 mg. Essential fatty acids can be taken as a supplement in the form of fish, cod, and flax oil. Dr. Joseph Mercola, founder of the National Wellness Center, recommends a fish oil supplement to help reduce colitis symptoms and also to reduce a patient’s need for steroid therapy.

Folate (folic acid)

Folic acid is vital for the production and maintenance of new cells. Due to impaired absorption, people suffering from colitis tend to be deficient in folate. Folic acid can also help prevent certain types of cancer and heart attacks.

As a daily supplement in the recommended daily intake of folic acid, for adults is 400 micrograms. Natural food sources that contain folate are oranges, lentils, lima beans, spinach, asparagus, and beets.


The garlic produces allicin when reacted with oxygen. Allicin has a number of beneficial properties: it is antibacterial, antifungal, and anti-inflammatory. Garlic can also reduce the cytokines that cause inflammation of the colon in colitis.

You can add raw or cooked garlic to your meals. If you don’t like the taste, garlic can be taken as a supplement. The recommended daily dose for adults is 200 mg.


Histidine is an essential amino acid that helps tissue growth and repair, as well as the manufacture of red and white blood cells and the maintenance of myelin deposits that protect nerve cells. Because histidine produces gastric juice in the stomach, people with colitis may benefit from a supplemental form of this nutrient.

If you are suffering from a folate deficiency you may also have depleted histidine levels due to increased urination. A combination of folic acid and histidine can remedy this situation. Natural food sources with histidine are wheat, rye, fish, nuts, legumes, seeds, brewer’s yeast.


Iron deficiency anemia is a common complication for colitis sufferers and if left untreated it can become serious. For this reason, it is important to ensure that you have adequate iron intake in your daily diet.

The RDA of an adult iron supplement is 8-18mg. You can also add iron-rich foods to your diet, including cockles, shrimp, grapefruit, kidney beans, apricots, almonds, dried figs, wheat germ, and cashew nuts.


The probiotics are dietary supplements containing live bacteria beneficial for treating colitis. Taking them on a regular basis can help replenish and rebalance the bacterial ecosystem of the gastrointestinal tract.

Probiotics can also help reduce the risk of complications arising from colitis and candida, gas, and bloating. The usual measure of probiotics is colony forming units or CFUs. This refers to the number of live bacteria present in each serving. The typical daily dose recommendation is 10 billion CFU but can be up to 50 billion


Selenium is an essential trace mineral that is responsible for the elimination of toxins and the healthy functioning of the thyroid. It also stimulates the immune system by neutralizing free radicals.

It is generally depleted in colitis patients, but can be rebalanced by adjusting your diet to include selenium-rich foods or by taking a daily supplement. The recommended daily intake of a selenium supplement for adults is 50-100mcg. Natural food sources of selenium include oysters, Brazil nuts, peanuts, broccoli, tuna, cod, rice, cottage cheese, etc.

Fibra Soluble

Soluble fiber helps maintain healthy bowel function and can help reduce the risk of colon cancer . Along with starches, glutamine, and fish oils, fiber can help with malnutrition in colitis patients. Some people with intestinal disorders do not respond to high fiber intake so it is recommended that you start with a small amount of soluble fiber such as psyllium husk.

Psyllium comes from the crushed husk of the Plantago ovata plant. Psyllium is a very soft and laxative form of mass that softens the stool and helps to relieve the discomfort of hemorrhoids and constipation , accelerates the elimination of waste from the body reducing the risk of colon cancer and helps in the remission of colitis. Soluble fiber is another important natural way to beat colitis according to Dr. Joseph Mercola.

A daily dose of 1-2 tablespoons dissolved in a glass of water with meals is recommended. Other fibers that can improve digestive health in colitis are oat bran and guar gum. You should drink plenty of water throughout the day if you are taking soluble fiber to avoid gas and bloating.


The Spirulina is a blue-green single – celled alga. It contains 18 different amino acids, vitamins and minerals. It is high in protein and gentle on the digestive tract. Because it is rich in digestive enzymes, it is easy to digest, it can also be a good source of protein if you suffer from ulcerative colitis. It is also rich in antioxidants. According to the Doctor Press Board of Health, spirulina may reduce colitis symptoms and improve digestion.

Vitamin D

Ulcerative colitis has a strong connection to immune system disorders. In order to maintain a healthy immune system, an adequate supply of vitamin D is necessary.

The vitamin D deficiency can lead to a number of complications, including depletion of bone density, osteoporosis and joint pain. Vitamin D also helps with calcium absorption so if you are deficient in vitamin D, you are probably also calcium deficient. Natural food sources of vitamin D are fish oil, apples, alfalfa, etc. The recommended daily intake of vitamin D for adults is 200 micrograms

Vitamin K

Osteoporosis can be a serious complication of colitis for both men and women. Maintaining healthy levels of vitamin K can reduce the risk of bone loss and prevent osteoporosis. Natural food sources of vitamin K include green leafy vegetables such as kale, cabbage and spinach, asparagus, peas, and plums.


Zinc deficiency is a common complication with colitis. Zinc is important for stimulating the immune system and promoting general healing. Since zinc helps remove free radicals from the bloodstream, it is possible that supplementation can reduce inflammation in the gastrointestinal tract.

Consult a good specialist

  • Why do I have these symptoms?
  • Do I have to change my diet?
  • Do I have to keep a journal of what I am eating?
  • What foods should I avoid when my colitis flares up?
  • Should I take vitamin or mineral supplements?
  • How long do I have to take my medicine?
  • What side effects can I expect from my medicine?
  • Do I have to take my medicine when I feel fine?
  • What part of my colon is affected?
  • What are the goals of treatment?
  • How do you know if I need surgery?
  • What can I expect during the remission?
  • Does my colitis get worse over time?

Natural medicine

There are a number of natural remedies that can help relieve colitis symptoms.

Boswellia (Boswellia serrata)

Boswellia acids are extracted from a tree native to India. They have anti-inflammatory properties and studies have shown that if taken over a period of six weeks, remission of colitis can be achieved. Dr. Shari Lieberman, specialist in clinical nutrition and psychology.

The use of boswellia is recommended and also notes that it has few side effects compared to prescription drugs and that patients can continue to take it for a long period of time, lowering the dose when remission has been maintained for a year.

Alfalfa (Medicago sativa)

Alfalfa is a plant that is a member of the pea family. The dried herb can be taken internally and eliminates toxins and bad breath, as well as aids digestion to properly break down fats, carbohydrates, proteins, and essential fatty acids. Due to its high fiber content, it also encourages proper bowel movements.

Black radish (Raphanus sativus)

Black radish is an ancient vegetable in the mustard family. Its juice is extracted and used to promote liver function and bile production. It also contains a high fiber content that encourages regular bowel movements.

This combination of effects may be beneficial for patients suffering from primary sclerosing cholangitis colitis. Animal studies have shown that by increasing the flow of bile, black radish improves digestive processes, specifically the digestion of fats.

Linaza (Linum Biel)

Flaxseed or flaxseed is the seed of the flax plant. It is rich in fiber and fatty acids such as omega-3, which help to soften the volume of the stool and facilitate the elimination of waste. Flaxseed also cleanses the colon, and continued use can help prevent colon cancer. It has the additional benefits of lowering cholesterol and triglycerides. In Jean-Martin Reinhardt’s book, “Flax Your Way to Better Health,” not only reveals the fascinating story behind flax, but it also tells you where to find flax products and how to make your own meals with flax.

Ginger (Zingiber officinale)

The Ginger acts as an anti-spasmodic, it helps prevent vomiting, and improves the tone of intestinal muscles. It also has a mild anti-inflammatory action. Ginger is available in many different forms. Although more research is needed today, preliminary studies indicate that ginger is effective in reducing colitis symptoms.

Wheat Grass Juice

Wheatgrass and forage barley juices are rich in phytonutrients, including large amounts of dietary enzymes, multiple vitamins and minerals, and essential amino acids. Wheat and barley grass extracts can also be taken in tablet or powder form.

The recommended daily dose for an adult is 2-4 grams. These herbal extracts have an increasingly popular role in the dietary regimen of colitis sufferers. This is due to its ability to inhibit the production of cytokines that produce inflammation in this disorder.

Green Tea

Green tea contains catechins. These are substances known to be powerful antioxidants that can stimulate the autoimmune system, help fight disease, and reduce the effects of aging.

Studies have shown that catechins eradicate free radicals and therefore could help reduce the inflammatory effects of colitis. Green tea can also help reduce the risk of complications related to liver and colon cancer.


Pancreatin is a combination of the digestive enzymes trypsin, amylase and lipase. It is beneficial for people suffering from colitis who may have low or abnormal levels of digestive enzymes due to poor absorption of nutrients. Pancreatin helps break down carbohydrates, fats, and starches.

Pancreatic enzyme supplements may help better absorption of nutrients from food. The recommended daily dose for adults is 500 mg of pancreatin once or twice a day before meals directly.

Mint (Mintha piperita)

Peppermint, particularly in combination with caraway oil, is able to calm the stomach muscles and stimulate the production of bile that the body uses to digest fats. This allows food to pass through the stomach faster.

The active ingredient extracted from peppermint oil in this case is believed to be menthol. Several studies have shown that peppermint capsules are beneficial for treating ulcerative colitis symptoms such as stomach pain, gas, bloating, and diarrhea. In his book “Herbs for Health and Healing,” Peter Corn recommends peppermint tea blends, which also includes calming herbs like mallow and burdock root.

Olmo (Ulmus fulva)

Elm has been used for centuries to treat boils, burns, and inflammations. Natural health advocate and pediatrician Dr. Alan Greene finds it beneficial for colitis as it contains mucilage. Mucilage is a substance that thickens and turns into a gel when mixed with water. As it coats the lining of the intestinal tract, it can reduce inflammation and relieve chronic symptoms.

St. John’s Wort (Hypericum perforatum)

The St. John ‘s wort is useful to keep symptoms under control colitis. It contains oils that can calm inflammation and relax the lining of the colon. St. John’s wort can be given as an enema. Although animal studies have shown this herb to be effective, human studies are necessary.

Turmeric (Curcuma domestica)

The turmeric is a tropical plant of the ginger family. In “Eating Right for Optimal Health,” Andrew Weil describes how the active ingredient, curcumin, has been extracted from the dried root and used for centuries in Chinese and Ayurvedic medicine, and how beneficial it is in reducing inflammation of the colitis. The recommended daily dose for adults is between 180-500mg taken in doses of 3-4.

By Dr. Eric Jackson

Dr. Eric Jackson provides primary Internal Medicine care for men and women and treats patients with bone and mineral diseases, diabetes, heart conditions, and other chronic illnesses.He is a Washington University Bone Health Program physician and is a certified Bone Densitometrist. Dr. Avery is consistently recognized in "The Best Doctors in America" list.

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