The pain in the abdominal area is annoying and its intensity varies with the origin of the same. It can arise as a result of a simple inflammation in the abdomen, a blow or reflect the advanced stage of a more complicated disorder. People often confuse abdominal pain with stomach pain , but in reality it can be the specific symptom of the alteration of any organ in this region.

Causes of abdominal pain

The affection of any section in the abdominal region presents a common symptom, the pain. Knowing the differences in their characteristics can help define whether to act immediately or ultimately just rest. Among the most common problems in this area and that reflect the pain symptom are:


The gallstones are represented by small stones composed of calcified material. It arises from a malfunction of the liver and pancreas. In its early stages it is not noticeable but over time the patient begins to experience progressive pain. The origin of this discomfort is usually fixed in the upper right part of the abdomen .

But when you increase the intensity it can radiate to other parts of the upper abdominal area until reaching the back, chest and right shoulder. Other symptoms that accompany it are nausea, vomiting and flatulence.

Intestinal obstruction

Abdominal obstruction is a common problem caused by not chewing food properly. When the portion of food reaches the small intestine, the passage begins to become difficult and with this, a forced dilation of the intestinal wall begins, causing intense abdominal pain . The person may feel this symptom appear in the company of abdominal cramps.

It can be identified since it begins after the meal. Sometimes it can be accompanied by vomiting and sometimes the breath takes on an unpleasant odor. The stool becomes watery and the colon becomes irritated .


It is an alteration that presents pain in the abdominal area and can be sudden or progressive. It is located in the lower right part of the abdomen. When the inflammation of the appendix has advanced it begins to expand to the lower limbs causing painful cramps in the crotch. Nausea, vomiting and fever do not take long to appear.

Ectopic pregnancy

Ectopic pregnancy occurs when fertilization (union of the egg and sperm) occurs in the fallopian tubes and not in the uterus. Over time the embryo grows and begins to press on the cavity causing severe abdominal pain . The patient will not be able to detect what this symptom is due to until blood, urine and in the best case, an ultrasound is performed.

However, the pain caused by an ectopic pregnancy has a characteristic, and that is that moderate bleeding begins to decrease. The second characteristic is its location, the patient detects it in the lower left part of the abdomen and it will generally always be accompanied by fever and vomiting.


Pancreatitis is one of the most delicate cases, especially due to its early onset and outcome; if it is not treated in time, the chances of causing death increase. The patient begins to perceive the pain in the upper abdomen, with the passing of the hours it spreads lower level. Other symptoms that can accompany it are fever, nausea and vomiting, rapid heartbeat and yellow skin.

Hepatitis viral

The abdominal pain that occurs by viral hepatitis (liver infection by a virus) is somewhat confusing. However, it can be accompanied by yellowish eyes and skin, dark-colored urine, and a strong acid odor.

Gastritis and stomach ulcers

Both conditions occur when food is not consumed in ordinary hours or nothing is consumed in a normal day. Uric acid falls on the walls of the stomach causing some of these alterations. Consequently abdominal pain appears and is often accompanied by nausea, vomiting, burning, flatulence, and dark-colored stools. Often the doctor prescribes an antacid and suggests a change in eating habits.

Immediate help

In any of the aforementioned cases, it is recommended to see a doctor. Whether it is appendicitis or a simple abdominal obstruction, immediate action is required to counteract abdominal pain . A home remedy might be the short-term solution, but pain in this area can be confusing and is worth learning about through specialized clinical examinations.

From this point on, specific treatment should be started, which if effective causes a favorable prognosis, with the exception of the appendix, which, if it is inflamed, must be removed immediately, or the ectopic pregnancy. In the other cases the pain should start to go away.

By Dr. Eric Jackson

Dr. Eric Jackson provides primary Internal Medicine care for men and women and treats patients with bone and mineral diseases, diabetes, heart conditions, and other chronic illnesses.He is a Washington University Bone Health Program physician and is a certified Bone Densitometrist. Dr. Avery is consistently recognized in "The Best Doctors in America" list.

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