The term dementia covers all the symptoms of a decrease in mental capacity that interfere with a person’s daily life. The most common symptoms include memory loss, mood and behavior changes, learning, and thinking problems. The most common cause of dementia is Alzheimer’s. There are ways to prevent Alzheimer’s disease by following these 10 things below.

Possible reasons for Alzheimer’s disease

As we have mentioned, among the most common symptoms of dementia is Alzheimer’s. Other reasons include depression, medications, thyroid gland problems, chronic infections, head trauma, vascular changes, Parkinson’s disease, vitamin deficiency.

If the cause of dementia cannot be treated, more and more brain cells die, and symptoms get worse. However, if the reason is treatable, such as vitamin deficiencies, medications, this set of symptoms known as dementia, is reversible.

Despite genetic predisposition, dementia could also be the result of various psychological, environmental, and lifestyle factors.

These are the risk factors for dementia:

  • Head injuries
  • Medications that contribute to the development of dementia
  • Use of alcohol
  • Low physical activity
  • Cardiovascular factors (high blood pressure, high cholesterol, diabetes)
  • Impaired thyroid gland function
  • Vitamin deficiencies and poor diet
  • To smoke

Ways to prevent Alzheimer’s disease

1. Take and take care of the doses of Vitamin B complex

These vitamins are extremely important for numerous cellular processes. Vitamin B6, B12 and folate decrease the levels of homocysteine, HC – a molecule that damages the vascular system.

When it’s at high levels, it raises your risk for strokes, heart disease, and vascular problems that cause aging-related cognitive decline. To lower its levels, you must take B complex with 500mcg of vitamin B12.

2, Control your cholesterol, blood pressure, fasting blood sugar and weight

Metabolic and cardiovascular health have a huge impact on the risk of heart disease, stroke, and dementia. Mature type 2 diabetics have a 50% higher risk of developing Alzheimer’s disease compared to individuals with normal blood sugar levels.

3. Fish oil

Low levels of DHA (docosahexaenoic acid) lead to poor memory and cognitive decline in the elderly. It is found in fish oil, which is why you consume this oil in order to prevent dementia. You must take 1000mg of DHA daily.

4. Be careful with anticholinergic drugs

Anticholinergic drugs work by blocking parasympathetic nerve impulses. The automatic nervous system contains two main parts, the first is the parasympathetic nervous system, which manages the activities that occur while you are resting.

These nerves control involuntary muscle movements linked to the lungs, urinary tract, gastrointestinal tract, and other body systems.

Numerous prescription and over-the-counter drugs, such as sleep aids, anti-allergy drugs, heart medications, and antidepressants, cause mild to strong anticholinergic activity in the human body.

It has been found that there is a relationship between increasing the high dose of anticholinergic use and the onset of dementia . In case you are taking these medications, you should consult your doctor to limit their use or replace them.

5. Vitamin D

Numerous preclinical studies have shown the link between a lack of vitamin D and cognitive decline, which leads to the development of dementia symptoms.

You must enjoy enough sunlight to obtain the necessary amounts of vitamin D, and you can also take supplements that will help you prevent Alzheimer’s disease.

6. Protect your brain

A helmet should always be worn while riding a bicycle or motorcycle, to avoid damage to the brain.

7. Be physically active

To strengthen the vascular system, you must move your body and keep your heart pumping every day. If you are physically active, you will be able to prevent numerous chronic health problems. Try to walk, run, bike, or garden for at least half an hour every day.

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8. Challenge your brain every day

By challenging your brain on a daily basis, you will be able to delay the onset of dementia. You can try crosswords, word puzzles, or learn a language.

Researchers have found that bilingual adults delay the signs of dementia by 5 years compared to those who speak only one language. Studies have also shown that doing crossword puzzles daily delays the onset of memory decline by 2 1/2 years.

9. Stay socially connected to prevent Alzheimer’s disease

To prevent health problems, always stay socially connected. In this way, you will avoid the consequences of loneliness and isolation, and you will keep your mood and health at an optimal level.

10. Stop smoking and limit alcohol consumption

Excessive consumption of tobacco and alcohol has disastrous effects on health and leads to various chronic diseases. A study has found that daily smokers have a 45% increased risk of Alzheimer’s disease compared to ex-smokers and non-smokers.

By Dr. Eric Jackson

Dr. Eric Jackson provides primary Internal Medicine care for men and women and treats patients with bone and mineral diseases, diabetes, heart conditions, and other chronic illnesses.He is a Washington University Bone Health Program physician and is a certified Bone Densitometrist. Dr. Avery is consistently recognized in "The Best Doctors in America" list.

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